S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_마취통증의학전공)
Association between red blood cell storage duration and clinical outcome in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery: a retrospective study
- Min, Jeong Jin; Bae, Jun-Yeol; Kim, Tae Kyong; Hong, Deok Man; Hwang, Ho Young; Kim, Ki-Bong; Han, Kyou-Sup; Jeon, Yunseok
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Anesthesiology. 2014, 14 : 95
- RBC storage age; Old stored RBC; Postoperative outcome; Wound complication; Cardiac surgery
- Background: Prolonged storage of red blood cells (RBCs) leads to fundamental changes in both the RBCs and the storage media. We retrospectively evaluated the relationship between the RBC age and in-hospital and long-term postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass.
Methods: The electronic medical records of 1,072 OPCAB patients were reviewed and information on the transfused RBCs and clinical data were collected. The effects of RBCs age (mean age, oldest age of transfused RBCs, any RBCs older than 14 days) on various in-hospital postoperative complications and long-term major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events over a mean follow-up of 31 months were investigated. Correlations between RBCs age and duration of intubation, intensive care unit, or hospital stay, and base excess at the first postoperative morning were also analyzed.
Results: After adjusting for confounders, there was no relationship between the RBCs age and in-hospital and long-term clinical outcomes except for postoperative wound complications. A significant linear trend was observed between the oldest age quartiles of transfused RBCs and the postoperative wound complications (quartile 1 vs. 2, 3 and 4: OR, 8.92, 12.01 and 13.79, respectively; P for trend = 0.009). The oldest transfused RBCs showed significant relationships with a first postoperative day negative base excess (P = 0.021), postoperative wound complications (P = 0.001), and length of hospital stay (P = 0.008).
Conclusions: In patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass, the oldest age of transfused RBCs were associated with a postoperative negative base excess, increased wound complications, and a longer hospital stay, but not with the other in-hospital or long-term outcomes.
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