S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 51 Number 1/3 (2015)
Structural Distributions of Numeral Expressions in Korean
- Byun, Jeonghee; Ha, Seungwan
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.51 No.1, pp. 69-90
- In this paper, we aim to analyze the structural distribution of three types of numeral expressions in Korean. The first type is bare numerals, the second is numerals combined with a classifier and –uy, (i.e. Num-CL-uy), and the third is numerals with a classifier (i.e. Num-CL)
in post-nominal position. We show that the bare numeral serves as a boundary between low and high modifiers (NP vs. FP modifiers); that is, it is placed right above NP modifiers and below FP modifiers that are affixed with the relative clause marker -n. Following Hong (2010) and An (2014), we argue that -uy in the Num-CL-uy form is a marker of FP modifiers as it can alternate with other FP modifiers in linear order. Finally, we attempt to derive post-nominal Num-CL without the uy marker and argue that the Num-CL form is derived by NP movement to SpecFP.