S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 51 Number 1/3 (2015)
The Effects of Working Memory Span on Listening Tests without Preview Questions
- Kim, Bora
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.51 No.2, pp. 403-420
- working memory; multiple-choice listening test; large-scale listening test; TEPS listening; test validity
- This study aims to investigate the effects of working memory span on listening tests that do not include preview questions. In the first test session, question stems and answer options were only provided through oral input. However, in the second session, the same 31 test takers were allowed to read the question stems and answer options in a multiple- choice listening test. The gap score between the two sessions was then analyzed in relation to each students working memory span, which was, in turn, measured through a conceptual working memory span task. The results show a clear correlation between working memory span and gap score. This study suggests that removing written cues can lead to significantly lower achievement scores for test takers with a low working memory span.