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Who is willing to Pay More Taxes for Welfare? Focusing on the Effects of Diverse Types of Trust in South Korea and Taiwan

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Issue Date
2015-09
Publisher
Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
Citation
Development and Society, Vol.44 No.2, pp. 319-343
Keywords
willingness to pay more taxes for welfaregeneral trusttrust in strangerstrust in acquaintancestrust in governmentSouth KoreaTaiwan
Abstract
This article examines the effects of diverse types of trust on a willingness to pay more taxes for welfare in South Korea and Taiwan. We ask whether trust as a solidaristic value contributes to an increase in welfare support. We focus on peoples attitudes toward paying taxes, and different types of trust, such as general trust, trust in acquaintances, trust in strangers and trust in government. This study analyzes the survey data from Life and Society of South Korea and Taiwan conducted for the purpose of studying attitudes and experiences of citizens with respect to social quality. First, the results demonstrate the positive effects of diverse types of trust on willingness to pay more taxes for welfare in both countries. Second, significant differences are found: institutional trust, such as trust in government, is critically important in South Korea, while trust in acquaintances strongly influences attitudes toward paying more taxes for welfare in Taiwan. In light of previous studies on the role of trust as a from of social capital, specified trust, such as trust in government or trust in acquaintances, more strongly affects attitudes toward paying higher taxes for welfare than unspecified trust in these two emerging welfare states.
ISSN
1598-8074
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/95290
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소)Development and Society Development and Society Vol.44 No.1/3 (2015)
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