Cervical lymph node metastases: MR imaging of gadofluorine M and monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticle-47 in a rabbit model of head and neck cancer

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Choi, Seung Hong; Han, Moon Hee; Moon, Woo Kyung; Son, Kyu Ri; Won, Jae-Kyung; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Kwon, Bae Ju; Na, Dong Gyu; Weinmann, Haans-Joachim; Chang, Kee-Hyun
Issue Date
Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)
Radiology 2006;241:753–762
Purpose: To prospectively compare the accuracy of gadofluorine M with that of monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticle (MION)-47 for the depiction of cervical lymph node metastases at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in a rabbit model of head and neck cancer by using histologic analysis as the reference standard.

Materials and Methods: Experiments were approved by the animal care committee. VX2 carcinomas were implanted in both ears of 11 rabbits 4 weeks before MR imaging. T2-weighted, T2*-weighted, and T1-weighted MR images were acquired, and sequential T1-weighted MR imaging was performed immediately and 30 minutes after administration of gadofluorine M (0.05 mmol gadolinium per kilogram body weight). T2-weighted and T2*-weighted MR imaging were performed 24 hours after administration of MION-47 (2.6 mg iron per kilogram body weight). Gadofluorine M– and MION-47–enhanced MR imaging were performed separately and independently by two radiologists who had no knowledge of histopathologic results, and the presence of metastases in lymph nodes was evaluated. A receiver operating characteristic analysis was conducted to compare the diagnostic value of gadofluorine M– and MION-47–enhanced MR imaging.

Results: Metastases were confirmed in 20 of 77 lymph nodes at histopathologic analysis. The area under the curve was significantly greater for gadofluorine M–enhanced MR imaging (0.997 and 0.981 for readers 1 and 2, respectively) than for MION-47–enhanced MR imaging (0.889 and 0.846 for readers 1 and 2, respectively). For gadofluorine M–enhanced MR imaging, sensitivity was 100% for both readers and specificity was 89.5% for reader 1 and 87.7% for reader 2. For MION-47–enhanced MR imaging, sensitivity was 80.0% for both readers and specificity was 75.4% for reader 1 and 71.9% for reader 2.

Conclusion: Gadofluorine M–enhanced MR imaging has higher accuracy for depicting lymph node metastases than does MION-47–enhanced MR imaging.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Radiology (영상의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_영상의학전공)
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