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A DNA vaccine encoding a conserved Eimeria protein induces protective immunity against live Eimeria acervulina challenge

Cited 76 time in Web of Science Cited 80 time in Scopus
Authors
Song, K.D.; Lillehoj, H.S.; Choi, K.D.; Yun, C.H.; Parcells, M.S.; Huynh, J.T.; Han, Jae Yong
Issue Date
2000
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Vaccine, vol.19 no.2-3, pp. 243-252
Keywords
EimeriaDNA vaccineChickensCoccidiosisGut immunity
Abstract
Coccidiosis is caused by several distinct intestinal protozoa of Eimeria sp., and is responsible for intestinal lesions and severe body weight loss in chickens. To develop a DNA vaccination strategy for coccidiosis, an expression vector pMP13 encoding a conserved antigen of Eimeria was constructed by subcloning 3-1E cDNA into pBK-CMV and used to elicit protective immunity against E. acervulina. One-day-old chickens were immunized intramuscularly (IM) or subcutaneously (SC) with various doses of pMP13 expression vector ranging from 5 to 100 ug two weeks apart and were challenged with 5×103E. acervulina. Chickens immunized with 5, 10, 50 or 100 ug of pMP13 plasmid, but not control plasmid, pBK-CMV, showed significantly reduced oocysts following challenge infection with E. acervulina. Two injections were in general more effective than one injection with higher dose of DNA eliciting better protection. At 10 days post challenge infection, maximum levels of circulating antibodies were detected regardless of the routes of injection, although IM injection provided higher levels of serum antibodies compared to SC injection. Serum antibody levels demonstrated a dose-dependent response showing higher antibody production at higher DNA dose. DNA immunization with pMP13 also induced significant changes in T-cell subpopulations in the spleen and duodenum intraepithelial lymphocytes. At 4 days post DNA immunization, pMP13-immunized chickens showed lower CD8, and higher CD4+ and γδ T+ cells in the duodenum compared to the pBK-CMV-immunized chickens. Following challenge infection with E. acervulina, pMP13-immunized chickens showed lower CD8+ and αβ T+ cells, and higher CD4+ cells than pBK-CMV-immunized chickens in the duodenum. These findings demonstrate that DNA immunization with pMP13 induce local and systemic host immune responses against Eimeria.
ISSN
0264-410X
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/99034
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-410X(00)00169-9
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Food and Animal Biotechnology (식품·동물생명공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_식품·동물생명공학부)
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