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Establishment and characterization of human gastric carcinoma cell lines

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Authors
Park, Jae‐Gahb; Yang, Han‐Kwang; Kim, Woo Ho; Chung, June‐Key; Kang, Myung‐Soo; Lee, Jae‐Ho; Oh, Jae Hwan; Park, Hyun‐Sook; Yeo, Kyong‐Sook; Kang, Shin Hyuck; Song, Sang‐Yong; Kang, Yun Kyung; Bang, Yung-Jue; Kim, Yong Il; Kim, Jin‐Pok
Issue Date
1997-02
Citation
International Journal of Cancer, Vol.70 No.4, pp.443-449
Abstract
We report 8 newly established gastric-carcinoma cell lines (SNU-216, 484, 520, 601, 620, 638, 668, 719) from Korean patients, Morphologic study was carried out using light and electron microscopes. CEA, alpha FP, and CA 19-9 and TPA in supernatant and in cell lysate were measured by radioimmunoassay. p53 and c-Ki-ras gene mutations were screened and confirmed by sequencing. The cell lines, derived from tumors with moderate differentiation, grew as a diffuse monolayer, and those from tumors with poor differentiation and minimal desmoplasia grew exclusively as non-adherent. Out of the 8 gastric-cancer cell lines, 5 had detectable levels of CEA both in supernatant and in cell lysate; there was no expression or secretion of alpha FP in these cells; 4 cell lines showed high levels of CA 19-9 in cell pellets, All cell lines except SNU-484 had high concentrations of TPA both in cell lysate and in supernatants. p53 mutation was found in 6 cell lines (75%): 2 (SNU-216 and SNU-668) had mutations in exon 6, and other 3 in exon 8. The c-Ki-ras mutation was found in 2 cell lines (25%), SNU-601 and SNU-668. The former showed GGT-to-GAT transition mutation at codon 12, while the latter showed CAA-to-AAA transversion mutation at codon 61. DNA profiles using restriction endonuclease Hinfl and polymorphic DNA probes ChdTC-15 and ChdTC-[14 showed different unique patterns; which suggests that these cell lines are unique and not cross-contaminated. We believe that the newly characterized gastric-cancer cell lines presented in this paper will provide a useful in vitro model for studies related to human gastric cancer. (C) 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
ISSN
0020-7136
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/173106
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0215(19970207)70:4<443::AID-IJC12>3.0.CO;2-G
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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