S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Radioactive iodine therapy did not significantly increase the incidence and recurrence of subsequent breast cancer
- Issue Date
- Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol.100 No.9, pp.3486-3493
- Context: Previous studies on the extent to which radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy for thyroid cancer increases the risk of subsequently developing breast cancer have given conflicting results. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of RAI treatment on breast cancer development and recurrence among female patients with primary thyroid cancer. Design: This was a retrospective cohort study. The risk of subsequent breast cancer associated with RAI and its dose in hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidential intervals (CIs) were calculated using time-dependent Cox proportional hazard models. Patients: A total of 6150 patients with thyroid cancer enrolled between 1973 and 2009 were followed until December 2012. Of these, 3631 (59.0%) received RAI therapy. During the follow-up period, 99 primary breast cancers were diagnosed. Main Outcome Measure: Risk of breast cancer development according to RAI therapy and RAI dose during treatment for primary thyroid cancer. Results: RAI therapy did not significantly increase the incidence of subsequent breast cancer among female patients (hazard ratio [HR], 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-1.06) when a 2-year latency period was accounted for. High-dose RAI (>= 120 mCi) was associated with a reduced incidence of subsequent breast cancer (HR, 0.17; 95% CI, 0.05-0.62) in the cohort with a 2-year latency period. Conclusions: The long-term follow-up results of this study suggest that RAI treatment for patients with thyroid cancer may not increase the risk or recurrence of breast cancer.
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