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Effect of lithium carbonate on nickel catalysts for direct internal reforming MCFC

Cited 12 time in Web of Science Cited 12 time in Scopus
Authors
Choi, Jae-Sik; Yun, Jung-Sook; Kwon, Heock-Hoi; Lim, Tae-Hoon; Hong, Seong-Ahn; Lee, Ho-In
Issue Date
2005-08
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Journal of Power Sources 145 (2005) 652–658
Keywords
Deactivation by lithiumNi/MgONi/MgO–TiO2DIR-MCFC
Abstract
Despite many advantages of the direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell (DIR-MCFC) in producing electricity, there are many
problems to solve before practical use. The deactivation of reforming catalyst by alkali like lithium is one of the major obstacles to overcome.
A promising method is addition of TiO2 into the Ni/MgO reforming catalyst, which resulted in the increased resistance to lithium poisoning
as we previously reported. To understand how added titania worked, it is necessary to elucidate the deactivation mechanism of the catalysts
supported on metal oxides such as MgO and MgO–TiO2 composite oxide.
Several supported nickel catalysts deactivated by lithium carbonate were prepared, characterized and evaluated. The Ni/MgO catalyst turned
out to be most vulnerable to lithium deactivation among the employed catalysts. The activity of the Ni/MgO gradually decreased to zero with
increasing amount of lithium addition. Deactivation by lithium addition resulted from the decrease of active site due to sintering of nickel
particles as well as the formation of the LiyNixMg1−x−yO ternary solid solution. These were evidenced by H2 chemisorption, temperature
programmed reduction, and XRD analyses. As an effort to minimize Li-poisoning, titanium was introduced to MgO support. This resulted in
the formation of Ni/Mg2TiO4, which seemed to increase resistance against Li-poisoning.
ISSN
0378-7753
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/61903
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.12.066
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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