S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 41 Number 1/4 (2005)
한국어 영형의 통사적 분포와 그 지시에 대한 최적성 연구
An optimality theoretic approach to the 원rntactic distribution and the reference of zero forms in Korean
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.41 No.1, pp. 31-48
- The purpose of this paper is to explain syntactic distribution and reference of the Korean zero forms by the approach based on optimality theory. Korean has the frequent and pervasive use of zero forms. Korean zero forms are divided into three types according to syntactic distribution and uses-deictic, general and anaphoric. In order to explain those types, five universal constraints proposed by Speas (1997, 2001), and Grimshaw et, al. (1998) are introduced; SUBJECT, FULL-INT, BTB, MAX(PRO), CONTROL. Syntactic distribution and the reference of the Korean zero forms are explained by establishing the different ranking of these constraints. The general zero subject is explained by the following ranking of constraints; FULL-INT > SUBJECT. And the deictic zero subject is explained by the following ranking of constraints; CONTROL > MAX(PRO). Finally anaphoric zero forms are explained by the following ranking of constraints; BTB > MAX(PRO) > CONTROL.